Beijing Platform for Action. Chapter IV. D. Violence against women – Paragraph 113(c)
This article is for information only and doesn’t call for any action.
113. The term “violence against women” means any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. Accordingly, violence against women encompasses but is not limited to the following:
c. Physical, sexual and psychological violence perpetrated or condoned by the State, wherever it occurs.
Beijing Declaration (1995)
The term “violence against women” comes with a few assumptions, often misrepresented or misunderstood: more often than not, the miscomprehending comes from the faulty representations.
The basis for violence against women remains the statistical higher probability of women throughout the world to experience trauma and violence by men to women and by women to women with the majority by men to women, where this creates an obvious tentative conclusion for an emphasis of international emphasis of the social resources of the international community: work to reduce violence against women and then this, in turn, will create a foundation upon which to work in a robust manner for the reduction in violence against women.
Here, the stipulation focuses on the activities of the State and its role in the perpetration, or perpetuation rather, and condoning of the general phenomenon of violence against women, including physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women as the first-blush general categories.
Carrying forth from this, we can see the further forms of violence against women in both “public and private life” in which they may subject to forms of state terror. This can be seen in the case of Decree 770 in Romania, where women were, indeed, commanded in a secular fashion to birth 4 children each.
In this, the state intervention into the lives of the world became an authoritarian and secular fundamentalism imposing itself on the bodies and reproductive lives of women, with, for example, the checking up once per month to see if the citizens, the female citizens, were doing their Decree 770 duty to the State.
These forms of violence against women form a basic juncture in the disproportionately negative treatment of women compared to men. We can see this, often, in economic inequalities, where the men harbor more financial independence while the women retain financial dependence, in part or completely, with the men in their lives.
It is, in this sense, the actions of the family, the community, and, as per this stipulation, the State can be forces for violence and repression against women around the world and throughout most of human history.
The current context of more identification, cataloging, analysis, and recommendation and implementation of solutions to the issue of violence against women remains an important not only moment, as Tarana Burke would state, but also a movement to be carried forth boldly and without compromise, as this is a clear evil with some easy solutions but many hard and long-term solutions ahead of us.
The basic premise of a more peaceful, just, and prosperous State comes from the recognition of the equality of women as well as the need to tackle problems disproportionately more thrust onto them needlessly compared to the men without too much regard for differences of regions in the world.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the optional protocol (1993).
- Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Five-year review of progress (2000), 10-year review in 2005, the 15-year review in 2010, and the 20-year review in 2015.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), and the UN Security Council additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), and 2242 (2015).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
- UN Women’s strategic plan, 2018–2021
- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- 2015 agenda with 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (169 targets for the end to poverty, combatting inequalities, and so on, by 2030). The SDGs were preceded by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 to 2015.
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Led by: Scott Douglas JacobsenTo the socio-political Right, a disclaimer; to the socio-political Left, a trigger warning: the subject matter may be disturbing or triggering for some listeners, speakers, or call members. The statistics on international violence against women is disproportionately more than violence against men. In turn, there is violence against women committed by women against women but more often by men against women. It is the statistical difference, which is the basis for the international emphasis on violence against women in multiple spheres rather than localized differences. Wednesday morning, we will speak on violence against women for one hour or so.
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December 7, 2018 at 10:08AM